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  • William Canty

End Hunger In Jefferson County: Prepare Today to Feed Tomorrow. (Statistics)

Updated: May 2

Food insecurity refers to the USDA’s measure of lack of regular access to nutritional food for an active and healthy life. The food insecurity rate in Jefferson County is 15.8% of the total population, and the child food insecurity rate is 16.8%.

Food Insecurity


  • 15.8% of Jefferson County's population or 120,100 individuals

Child Food Insecurity


  • 16.8% of Jefferson County's population under 18 or 28,940 children 18.9% of Alabamians—including 27.4% of children—live below the poverty threshold.


  • 29.8% of residents in the city of Birmingham live below the poverty threshold, according to the US Census Bureau.

  • 90% of Birmingham school students receive free or reduced lunch, according to the Alabama Department of Education.

Alabama has the fourth lowest rate of food security in the nation with 18.2% of Alabamians experiencing low or very low food security throughout the year. A household’s poverty status has a direct relation to its food security. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) defines food insecurity as “limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways.”


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